Revive a Sunnah: Sitting Mutawarrikan

Bismillah.

What is Sitting Mutawarrikan?

Al-Bukhaari narrated from Abu Humayd al-Saa’idi (may Allaah be pleased with him), a description of the prayer of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in which he said: “And when he sat in the final rak’ah, he put his left foot forward and held the other foot upright, and sat on his behind.

Sitting mutawarrikan means sitting in the tashahhud as described above in the hadith found in Bukhari. For the visual learners:

So, sitting mutawarrikan is sitting in tashahhud as described above in the last rak’ah of prayer. This is the same for both genders. Unlike the normal method of sitting, the butt of the musalli (person who is praying) is on the ground and his/her left foot is snugged under his/her right shin.

When to Sit Mutawarrikan?

This should be done in the final tashahhud if there are two tashahhuds in the prayer. But if the prayer has only one tashahhud, such as Fajr prayer or Sunnah prayers that are offered two by two, then one should sit muftarishan (i.e. the normal way).

So, in conclusion:

Fajr – Normal | Dhuhr/ZuhrMutawarrikan | AsrMutawarrikan |

MaghribMutawarrikan | IshaMutawarrikan |

The sunnahs offered two-by-two (e.g. sunnah of Maghrib) – Normal

Action Needed!

  1. Revive the Sunnah: sit mutawarrikan in your salah. It’s very comfortable and you get ajr for it!
  2. Help yourself with some ajr by:
  • Forwarding this to anyone who you know will benefit.

“Whoever guides anyone to goodness, his reward shall be the same as those who follow his guidance without lessening a bit of their reward.” – Rasool Allah [SAWS]

  • Contributing a sunnah by commenting below or emailing me at: aarij67@gmail.com

“Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward.” – Rasool Allah [SAWS]

More sunnahs revived @ revive a sunnah.

WAllahu Ta’ala Alim. The above, FYI, is the Hanbali opinion which I follow. There is a difference of opinion on this issue and you can find out more about other opinions here.

15 thoughts on “Revive a Sunnah: Sitting Mutawarrikan

  1. There’s a difference of opinion …🙂 the other opinion is that it’s on the LAST rakaah. So the second rakaah of Fajr, third of Maghrib, and fourth for the other three.

    Which opinion is strongest? Allahu ‘alim, both; the sunnah is to vary it up, as this is one of those “variety difference of opinion” matters, like the finger thing.

    Wallahu ‘alim.

  2. JazakAllahu Khaira.

    One more point.. Imam Kais at Istiqamah mentioned that in the case that it’s a very tight fit, you have to consider that the Prophet (SAllahu alaiyhi wa salam) performed this action as an imam, same with putting his arms out WIDE, and so on, if we force ourselves to do this, we may harm our brothers sitting beside us, so we need to see if its appropriate.

  3. Jazakum Allaho khairan bros Ilm Seeker and Abdullah🙂

    I mentioned the diff of opinion at the very end btw😉 The reason why I mentioned the Hanbali opinion is because I follow it.

  4. So quick question … are both knees supposed to touching the ground as-well ? Because when I have tried this inadvertently my right leg is always raised up and getting my right knee to touch the ground becomes a real challenge.

  5. As Salamo alaikum

    WAllahu alam bro. Ask a scholar.

    Maybe try to slide your left foot closer to the bottom of your right shin? That should help.

  6. JazakAllahukhair. I was just scrolling down to make the point Abdullah did. I can’t tell you how difficult it has become for me in the Salah, when there is a tight fit and the brother beside me decides to sit mutawarruk. I really think a person should consider his neighbour. According to the Sunnah, a person should’nt even come to the Masjid if he will burden the other worshippers(for ex, after eating garlic). I hope someone can provide a scholarly discussion on this.

  7. There’s a difference of opinion … the other opinion is that it’s on the LAST rakaah. So the second rakaah of Fajr, third of Maghrib, and fourth for the other three.

    This is one of those jurisprudential issues in which there is room for difference, such as moving the finger during the tashahhud or keeping it still, or putting your hands back on your chest after ruku’ or leaving them by your sides, or whether to go down to sujud knees first or hands first.

    Shaikh Abu Hatim Usamah al-Qusi of Egypt (one of the students of the late Shaikh Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi’i of Yemen) is of this opinion, where as the Shaikh Nasir ad-Din al-Albani was of the opinion expressed by brother Abdalmutakkabir.

    My B,

    So quick question … are both knees supposed to touching the ground as-well ? Because when I have tried this inadvertently my right leg is always raised up and getting my right knee to touch the ground becomes a real challenge.

    Try keeping your left shin or foot tucked under your right leg close to your ankle. It also helps if you place your left hand over your left knee with your fingers hanging over the edge and leaning forward a bit, using your left arm as a support–Shaikh al-Albani (rh) brings a narration in his Sifah as-Salah an-Nabi that describe the Prophet sitting in this manner during the final tashahhud.

  8. Oops, I should have made it clear that Shaikh Abu Hatim is of the opinion that you sit mutawarrikan during the final tashahhud, whether it be the first (witr), second (fajr), third (maghrib) or fourth (dhuhr, asr & isha) rak’ah.

  9. Jazak Allaho khairan akh Rasheed for the info. It’s always a pleasure to have you here🙂

  10. Dr. Idrees Zubair was telling me yesterday that this is to be done only when a person is an Imam or praying by themselves. He said that there is no narration where we have a row of people sitting mutawarrikan.

    Interesting points.

  11. it was not reported that the prophet peace be upon used to sit mutawarrik during the first tashahhud, but he only did so during the second tashahhud, and this is not a matter of fiqh to debate whether he used to sit like that during the first tashahhud or not, because it was not reported that he did so, so one should sit the muftarishan (i.e. the normal way) during the first tashahhud in all prayers. as for moving the finger during tashahhud or just pointing it towards the qiblah without moving it, in that case one can choose whichever one wants to do, because both have been reported that the prophet used to do them in authentic narrations.

  12. assalamu alaikum to all,

    so, finally it is justified that sitting mutawarrikan is not necessary while performing salah in congregation. right?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s