Tafsir Surah Kahf: Ayah 16

Bismillah.

Summary

  1. Brief word analysis
  2. In God we trust: true tawakkul.

(and they said to one another): “And when you withdraw from them, and that which they worship, except Allah, then seek refuge in the Cave, your Lord will open a way for you from His Mercy and will make easy for you your affair. (16)

Brief Word Analysis

The companions of the cave said to one another: اعْتَزَلْتُمُو, from ayn-zay-laam, ‘azl literally means to separate. They were discussing their plan with one another that when they physically separate from the people and separate from their deen : فَأْوُوا إِلَى الْكَهْفِ: Proceed and seek refuge in the cave. Allah says they said, إِلَى الْكَهْفِ – to the cave, indicating that they already knew about this cave and planned it as their place of hiding.

Then they said, << يَنْشُرْ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ رَحْمَتِه >> – your Lord will open a way for you from His Mercy. يَنْشُرْ is from noon-sheen-ra and literally means to spread something open. Allah ta’ala will spread and unfold for all of you His Mercy.

<<وَيُهَيِّئْ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَمْرِكُمْ مِرْفَقًا>> – and He will facilitate for you your affair.مِرْفَقًا is from ra-fa-qaaf, rifq. Mirfaqa, which literally means a tool, has several meanings:

  1. He will give you ease and convenience through means (ex: food, security in the cave).
  2. He will create facility, ease and convenience for you regarding your matter.
  3. He will create for you means which will be easy. There will be no hardship, Allah will make everything easy.

In God We Trust: True Tawakkul

Here we learn about the tawakkul (trust) of the youth in Allah ta’ala. They were certain that due to their sacrifice, Allah would grant them rahmah and make their affairs easy in return. This ayah teaches us that we need to sacrifice to gain. If we sacrifice for Allah, He will grant us something better.

If we want to gain the love of Allah, His Mercy, His Paradise, then we should give up what we love: our time, our efforts, our faculties, and disobedience for His sake. No matter how much a person loves disobedience, we should trade that in for the forgiveness and love of Allah for the better gain. These youth planned out that they would leave their city, they gave up their livelihood to go to the cave and they knew Allah would grant them rahmah and grant them mirfaqa.

We also learn that when in a position of danger, we should retreat to a place of safety. Since these youth adopted this route, and not violence, Allah gave them rahmah in return.

Lastly, we also notice that true tawakkul involves planning. They planned their escape to the cave and that is part-and-parcel of real trust in Allah.

WAllahu alam – And Allah knows best.

Complete Tafsir Surah Kahf here.

2 thoughts on “Tafsir Surah Kahf: Ayah 16

  1. Masha Allah , a very very beautifull surah , and full of lessons for us all ,Allhamdo lillah !!!!,jazak Allahu khairan wa barakk Allahu fi kum to all those who have put their thoughts and hard work into this .

  2. TabarakAllaah. very nice!! its possible to practicise the virtues in this Surah
    BarakAllaahu fiki
    can i ask where your getting your info?

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