Tafsir Surah Kahf: Ayat 45-46

Bismillah.

Set forth to them the similitude of the life of this world: It is like the rain which we send down from the skies: the earth’s vegetation absorbs it, but soon it becomes dry stubble, which the winds do scatter: it is (only) Allah who prevails over all things.(45)

Allah ta’ala begins this ayah with an example of the life of this world. Allah azza wa jal uses “daraba”, to strike one thing to another. The word “daraba” is used in several different ways and the context describes the definition that is used. In this ayah, it is used to “strike an example” because examples and similtudes should strike us and our hearts.

The example that is going to be mentioned in this ayah will be similar in context to the life of this world.

It is like rain water that is sent down and as a result the rain mixes with the vegetation of the earth. When rain comes down, the vegetation absorbs the water and the vegetation becomes lush and beautiful. The second meaning is that when the rain comes down, the vegetation multiplies. It mixed so much so that the vegetation became dense, thick and lush that one branch cannot be differentiate from another.

What will happen to the vegetation? Allah ta’ala says it will become dry and scattered by the winds.

This example is to show us that this world will not remain forever.

Ponder over the different seasons; just as the summer holds greenery and beauty, fall comes with falling dry leaves that are scattered by the wind. Something that was so green at one time becomes as if it never existed. Look at our own states: do any of us remember when we were born or our first few years of life? Likewise, this dunya has a beginning and end, and the days in between are passing quickly.

This example is showing us that the life of this world will not last; just as the green leaves will eventually fall off and dies, just as the child turns into a frail old man, this dunya will end.

Then this ayah ends with a Name of Allah ta’ala: Muqtadir, from the root qaaf-daal-ra, qudrah. We read many  times that Allah ta’ala is Qadeer, All Able, so what does Muqtadir means? It means One who has iqtidaar: ability and authority that is perfect and supreme. Allah is not just Able, but He had Perfect Ability. If we all came together to stop the rain, or stop the seasons, we would not be able too. Everything is in His Power; and thus we should submit to Him Alone.

Wealth and sons are allurements of the life of this world: But the things that endure, good deeds, are best in the sight of thy Lord, as rewards, and best as (the foundation for) hopes. (46)

Zeenah” is that which one decorates and beautifies themselves with. Wealth and children are the zeenah of this dunya, not the hereafter. They are not a means of success; unless used in the right way. Children and wealth are taken as the adornment of this life, but we hardly think about using them in the way for the aakhirah.

On the other hand, the baaqiyaat as-saalihaat are what remains. The good righteous deeds are what remain, and are what last. They do not get wasted or nullified when someone dies, rather they take them to success in the hereafter.


One opinion of “baaqiyaat as-saalihaat” is the adkhaar (remembrances), SubhanAllah, Alhamdulillah, La ilaaha il Allah, wAllahu akbar, because when you receive wealth and children, you are diverted from the remembrance of Allah.

If you notice this ayah; Allah ta’ala mentions specifically that children and wealth are adornments, yet ‘baaqiyaat as-saalihaat‘ is left general: because there are so many deeds one can do.

ibn Abbaas radi Allahu anhuma holds the opinion that the five prayers are baaqiyaat as-saalihaat. Other opinions:
1- kalimah tayyiah: good words
2- any remembrances of Allah
3- in general, any good deeds, big or small.

Allah ta’ala ends the ayah by saying it is “khayrun ‘inda Rabbika thawaaban”, they are best in the sight of your Rabb as reward: sometimes we cannot see the benefits of our work in this dunya, so we must know that with Allah ta’ala is our reward…and not just any reward, khayran, better reward.

Allah ta’ala ends the ayah by saying it is “khayrun amala“–it is better in hopes! It is better to hope for  “baaqiyaat as-saalihaat“, and they are worthy of being hoped for. It is better to have expectations in the good deeds because that is what will have results in the hereafter.

Righteous deeds is what will benefit us in the hereafter, not our wealth or children, but what we did in this life for the hereafter. Our real expectations should be with our deeds, because on the day of Judgment, saalihaat will be a better means for us.

Allah ta’ala will not decrease your reward of your righteous deeds; nor will He forget anything you have done. We must have firm belief in this and have good expectations for doing good deeds.

Complete Tafsir Surah Kahf here.

4 thoughts on “Tafsir Surah Kahf: Ayat 45-46

  1. In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

    To Whom It May Concern, Assalaamu ‘Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barkatuhu

    I will like for you to send me the meaning of these names if you are able please:
    1. Al- Sadr
    2. Muqtada (Moqtada)

    Your urgent concern into this matter will be greatly appreciated

    Mar-Salaam

  2. Fixed now, jazakillahi khairan for pointing this out🙂

    Allah supports His slave (i.e. me and you!) as long as the slave is supportive of his brother. – Prophet Muhammad, reported by Imam Muslim

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